The board of directors of PPG has approved broad restructuring actions to reduce the company’s global cost structure. The actions are focused on certain regions and end-use markets where business conditions are weakest, and they are targeting structural reductions in operating, functional and administrative costs. “Because of continued slow overall growth in global demand, we are taking decisive action to adjust our cost structure,” said Michael H. McGarry, PPG chairman and chief executive officer. “These measures will better align our resources with anticipated ongoing business conditions and will keep PPG competitive in the end-markets in which we participate. Even with this broad effort to reduce our total costs, we remain committed to continued investment in growth-related initiatives and in geographies with continued growth potential.” PPG will record a pretax restructuring charge of $190-million to $200-million, or 53–58 cents per diluted share, in the fourth quarter 2016, of which approximately $140-million represents cash costs and $50-million to $60-million is related to the write-down of certain assets and other non-cash costs. Of the approximately $140-million total cash outlay, about $110-million is expected in 2017, with the balance to occur in 2018. In addition to the aforementioned pretax charge and cash costs, approximately $15-million of incremental restructuring-related cash costs are expected during 2017, for certain items that are required to be expensed on an as-incurred basis. When these moves are completed, the company expects the restructuring to generate $120-million to $130-million in annual savings, with $40-million to $50-million of savings projected to be realized in 2017 and the remainder of the expected annual savings to be substantially realized by year-end 2018.